Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

Monthly Update sign up
Mailing List signup
Link: Teaching Reading: K-2

Student Case Study: William

Video Summary


William Finds His Base

Video Summary

The Student, the Teacher, and the Class

Analyzing the Video

Making Connections

Selected Resources

When William, a friendly, outgoing boy, enters second grade, he is struggling to "keep up" with his reading group. William and his mother both report that in first grade he "hated to read" in school and at home. In this video, we follow William's progress throughout the year. As he develops strong reading skills and strategies, his ambivalence about reading changes to genuine enthusiasm. His teacher, Stacey Soto, routinely uses running records to track his progress, to choose appropriate materials for both guided reading and independent reading, and to plan instruction tailored to his strengths and needs. By the end of second grade, William's improved reading strategies for word identification and comprehension, and his new found confidence as a reader, motivate him to set goals for summer reading.

William's Progress:


Word recognition strategies


Oral reading fluency






Confidence in his reading


Motivation to read

Factors that contribute to William's literacy development:

  • Ongoing assessments
  • Opportunities to read and write every day
  • Guided-reading groups using leveled books
  • Independent reading program
  • Parent involvement
  • Self-confidence and motivation to read
  • Reading at home

"His reading is amazing. I can't believe his reading. I mean, the improvement has been huge. Huge. And he likes to read."
William's mother

Next > The Student, the Teacher, and the Class

© 2002 WGBH Educational Foundation. All rights reserved.


© Annenberg Foundation 2017. All rights reserved. Legal Policy