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Teaching Multicultural Literature : A Workshop for the Middle Grades
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Workshop 6: Historical and Cultural Context - Langston Hughes and Christopher Moore
Overview
Authors and Literary Works
Video Summary
Teaching Strategies
Commentary
Student Work
Resources
General Resources
Teaching Strategies
Works By and About Author
Additional Resources
Interactive Workbook -- Explore two poems using strategies from these workshops. Go.
Channel-Talk -- Share your views on the discussion board. Go.

Works By and About Author

Langston Hughes
Joyce Hansen and Gary McGowan
Christopher Moore

Langston Hughes

Works by the Author
Listed below are selected works by the author.

    Hughes, Langston. The Best of Simple. New York: Hill and Wang, 1961.
    This novel comprises a collection of stories about Simple, an average African American man, and his day-to-day life.

    ---. The Big Sea: An Autobiography. New York: Knopf, 1940.
    In this memoir, Hughes describes his life in Harlem and Paris during the first 20 years of his life.

    ---. The Collected Works of Langston Hughes. Ed. Arnold Rampersad. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2001.
    Rampersad collects all of Hughes's works and gives a short biographical introduction of the author and poet.

    ---. I Wonder As I Wander. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2003.
    A continuation of Hughes's first autobiography, this volume describes the later part of Hughes's life, the people he met, and the places to which he traveled.

    ---. Not Without Laughter. New York: Knopf, 1930.
    A young African American boy and his family fight racism and assert their culture in 1930s Kansas.

    ---. The Ways of White Folks. New York: Knopf, 1934.
    In this collection of short stories, Hughes depicts interactions between African Americans and Caucasian Americans in the 1920s and '30s.

    ---. The Weary Blues. New York: Knopf, 1926.
    Hughes's first published poetry collection includes well-known poems such as "The Weary Blues" and "The Negro Speaks of Rivers."

Further Readings About the Author

Books


    Berry, S. L. Langston Hughes. Mankato, MN: The Creative Company, 1994.
    In this biography, Berry includes selections of Hughes's works and photographs alongside his account of the author's life and work.

    Harper, Donna S. Not So Simple: The "Simple" Stories by Langston Hughes. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1995.
    Harper explores the creation of Hughes's character, Simple, and examines Hughes's writing career in general.

    Hill, Christine. Langston Hughes: Poet of the Harlem Renaissance. Springfield, N.J.: Enslow, 1997.
    This biography, written for students, explores Langston Hughes's early life and his development as an artist of the Harlem Renaissance.

    Nazel, Joe. Langston Hughes. Los Angeles: Melrose Square, 1994.
    This book offers an extensive biography of Hughes as well as some excerpts from his works.

    Rampersad, Arnold. The Life of Langston Hughes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
    Based on Rampersad's research in archival collections throughout the country, this comprehensive two-volume biography chronicles Hughes's life and career in the context of the culture and politics of the early 20th century.

    Trotman, James C. Langston Hughes: The Man, His Art, and His Continuing Influence. New York: Garland, 1995.
    This collection of essays, most written by people who knew Hughes, describes Hughes as an important leader of the Harlem Renaissance and explores the issues of culture, race, and gender that he dealt with at the time.

Web Sites
    Academy of American Poets: Poetry Exhibits: Langston Hughes
    http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/83
    This Web site gives a short biography of Hughes and includes a selected bibliography as well as excerpts from some of Hughes's works.

    Modern American Poetry: Langston Hughes (1902-1967)
    http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/ (see Poets: Langston Hughes)
    Cary Nelson compiles a collection of short essays that explore Langston Hughes and his views on various topics.

Joyce Hansen and Gary McGowan

Works by the Authors
Listed below are selected works by the authors.

    Hansen, Joyce. The Captive. New York: Scholastic, 1995.
    Set in the 18th century, this story recounts the life of Kofi, a young boy who is captured and forced to travel across the ocean and into slavery in America.

    ---. The Gift-Giver. New York: Clarion, 1989.
    Doris finds a good friend in the Bronx when she enters the fifth grade.

    ---. The Heart Calls Home. New York: Harper Trophy, 2002.
    During the Reconstruction era, former slaves Obi and Easter reconnect with each other through letters. Obi proposes marriage to Easter, but they both have new lives now, and must find out if they can be together again.

    ---. One True Friend. New York: Clarion, 2001.
    Amir and Doris keep in touch through letters, and they find that although they are far apart, they still have a close connection that allows them to help each other.

    ---. Out From This Place. New York: Harper Trophy, 1992.
    In 19th-century South Carolina, slaves Easter and Jason escape to freedom, but Easter must decide whether to search for their friend Obi or move on to Philadelphia, where she can go to school.

    ---. Which Way Freedom? New York: Harper Trophy, 1992.
    Obi and Easter try to escape slavery with young Jason, but when they cannot bring Jason with them and they are recaptured, they find themselves drifting apart.

    ---. Women of Hope: African Americans Who Made a Difference. New York: Scholastic, 1998.
    This series of biographies and photographs includes important African American activists, artists, and other professionals.

    ---. Yellow Bird and Me. New York: Clarion, 1991.
    In this sequel to The Gift-Giver, Doris must cope with the departure of her good friend, Amir, while helping her other friend Yellow Bird with his problems.

    Hansen, Joyce and Gary McGowan. Breaking Ground, Breaking Silence: The Story of New York's African Burial Ground. New York: Holt, 1998.

    ---. Freedom Roads: Searching for the Underground Railroad. Chicago: Cricket, 2003.
    Hansen and McGowan show how historians and archaeologists reconstruct the journeys people made along the Underground Railroad.

Further Readings About the Authors

Web Sites


    Joyce Hansen
    http://www.joycehansen.com
    Joyce Hansen's personal site offers biographical information as well as information about her books.

Christopher Moore

Works by the Author
Listed below are selected works by the author.

    Moore, Christopher. Fighting for America: Black Soldiers--the Unsung Heroes of World War II. New York: One World/Ballantine, 2004.
    In this book, Moore includes letters, photographs, oral histories, and other documents that tell the story of the role of African Americans during the Second World War.

    ---. Santa & Pete. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.
    In this fictionalized tale, Moore tells the story of St. Nicholas, who was imprisoned as a spy during the Spanish Inquisition, and who, with the help of a former slave named Pete, escaped to New York and started the tradition of giving presents to the needy.

Further Readings About the Author

Web Sites


    Christopher Moore: Historian
    http://www.annonline.com/interviews/ (see Archives)
    This Web site includes audio clips of an interview with Moore and a reading from Santa and Pete by the author.

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