Cognitive Tests: Tests that measure an individual's learning in a specific subject area and quantify aspects of one's mental abilities.
Intelligence Quotient (IQ): Index derived from standardized tests of intelligence. Originally obtained by dividing an individual's mental age by his or her chronological age and then multiplying by 100; now directly computed as an IQ test score.
Personality Tests: Tests that measure the non-cognitive parts of human personality, such as interests, values, and personality traits.
Practical Intelligence: The idea of a general cognitive, physical, and spatial awareness that is innate in individuals, and which allows them to navigate spaces and social situations.
Psychometrics: Mental testing and measurement of all varieties.
Stereotype Threat: The theory that an individual's sense of self and personal performance can be affected when the individual is reminded of a negative or positive stereotype of him or herself, including gender, race, or religion.