Reading and Writing Connections
for this selection:
Meet the Eastern Flock: Hatch
Banding Codes and Personality Characteristics
- Build Vocabulary
- Identify Main Ideas and Details
- Make Inferences and Draw Conclusions
- Ask Questions and Make Predictions to Set a Purpose for Reading
- Classify Information
- Connect to Prior Knowledge and Build Background Knowledge
- (About Reading Strategies)
banding, dominant, bonded, intruder, aggressive, cohort, humanely euthanized
Read nonfiction books and magazine articles about whooping cranes.
View photographs and videos of whooping cranes. Encourage students
to collect descriptive details about whooping cranes from the books,
photographs, and videos. Use questions that help students focus on
unique physical and behavioral characteristics of whooping cranes:
How are whooping cranes similar to or different from birds from your
neighborhood? What details would you use to describe what whooping
cranes look like? What unique characteristics do you notice about
whooping cranes? Why do you think these cranes are endangered? (Building
Background Knowledge/Connecting to Prior Knowledge)
Read aloud the title of the selection. Invite students to generate
predictions and questions about the article: If you were every lucky
enough to see any wild whooping cranes, what information would you
want to know? Imagine that you were a wildlife researcher observing
a flock of young whooping cranes. What physical and behavioral characteristics
would distinguish one crane from another? What would you expect to
see the cranes doing as you observe them in their natural habitat?
(Asking Questions/Making Predictions to Set Purpose for Reading)
Introduce the vocabulary words. Have students predict the meaning
of each word. Encourage students to predict how the words will be
used in the upcoming reading selection. Remind students to listen
for clues from the text to decipher meanings. (Building Vocabulary/Connecting
to Students? Prior Knowledge about Word Meanings)
Read "Meet the
Eastern Flock: Hatch Year 2002." Invite students to take
notes as you read the article. Related Reading: Meet
the Team (Information about the field scientists)
McNulty, Faith, Peeping in the Shell: A Whooping Crane Is Hatched.
New York: Harper & Row, 1986.
Owens, M.B.. Counting Cranes. Boston: Little, Brown.
1993. In this book, a natural history of whooping cranes is presented.
Counting is used as an organizational device.
Revisit the selection to highlight details that describe each crane.
Invite students to mark physical characteristics with a yellow highlighter
marker and behavioral characteristics with an orange marker. (Identifying
Main Ideas and Details)
Use the highlighted text to create charts that describe each crane.
Ask students to sort the details into categories. Challenge them to
work in small groups to create a chart that organizes the characteristics
of the cranes described in the article. Have each group use their
chart to introduce the flock to other classes. (Classifying Information)
Encourage students to review the selection for new words. Invite them
to use context clues and dictionaries to find definitions, synonyms,
and antonyms for vocabulary words. Create Word Webs for selected vocabulary.
On the webs include definitions, synonyms (related words), antonyms
(words with opposite meanings), usage or parts of speech, pronunciations,
context-rich sentences, and related topics. (Building Vocabulary)
Revisit the selection to help students learn about making inferences
and drawing conclusions. Ask questions that help students think "between
and beyond the lines" of the text: How did the researchers
conclude that a crane was dominant or submissive? What behaviors did
researchers observe that led to their conclusions? Do you think whooping
cranes? physical characteristics, such as size or strength, contribute
to their personality? How do you think the flock treats an injured
crane? Why do you think a crane sometimes responds more positively
with a specific handler? (Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions)
Why do you think the crane handlers and biologists keep careful notes
of what the cranes do and how they act? How is the information helpful
Personality Characteristics: How would your parents describe your
personality? How would your teachers describe you? What words and
phrases would your friends use to describe your personality? If a
wildlife scientist observed how you interact with other kids at school,
would your behavior be described as dominant, subservient, submissive,
or aggressive? Give examples to support your answer.
Evaluation (Examine Author's Strategies)
1. How did the author organize the text to help readers collect information?
2. How did the author help you understand the words: dominant, subservient,
submissive, and aggressive? Context Clues? Synonyms? Comparisons?
3. What words/phrases describe what the researchers observed as they
studied the flock?
4. Does the selection introduce the researchers who are observing
the physical and behavioral characteristics of the whooping cranes?
What details would you include in the selection to introduce readers
to the wildlife scientists?
paragraphs that introduce the cranes from the Eastern flock. What
do the whooping cranes look like? What details will describe their
physical characteristics? What details will you use to describe
their behavioral characteristics? Refer to the reading selection
for specific details to include in your paragraph.
an introductory paragraph for the reading selection. What kind
of lead would hook readers? interest? Would it be questions? Snapshot
Sentences? Surprising Facts? Or an Anecdote (Short Personal Story)
from a Wildlife Researcher?
a concluding paragraph for the selection. What details from the
text could be used to summarize the information in a conclusion?
What do you want readers to think about after they read the article?
How do you want readers to feel? What actions do you want readers
to take after reading the selection? For example, if you want
readers to continue learning about whooping cranes, how will your
concluding paragraph achieve this purpose?