What do dandelions rely on to separate their seeds, carry them, and deposit them elsewhere? The wind.
All objects on the earth's surface are exposed to the wind, along with many other elements — water, the sun, temperature changes. Over time, these factors wear objects down and break them apart. The resulting bits and pieces of material are called sediment. Sediment is then transported by wind and water, often ending up far from where it started. These processes of breakdown and transport due to exposure to the environment are called weathering and erosion. Weathering and erosion affect all rocks on the earth's surface.
Compacting & Cementing
What happens to a loose pile of garbage when it's put into a compactor?
The squeezing of the machine produces a solid cube of compacted garbage.
The same thing happens to sediment formed from the weathering and
erosion of rock. Over time, sediment accumulates in oceans, lakes,
and valleys, eventually building up in layers and weighing down the
material underneath. This weight presses the sediment particles together,
compacting them. Water passing through the spaces in between the particles
helps to cement them together even more. This process of compacting
and cementing sediment forms sedimentary rock.
Transform the Rock See if you can identify the processes that can change rocks from type to another.