Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum
Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum
|rt and music were critical
aspects of medieval religious life and, towards the end
of the Middle Ages, secular life as well. Singing without
instrumental accompaniment was an essential part of
church services. Monks and priests chanted the divine
offices and the mass daily.
Some churches had instruments such as organs and bells. The organistrum or symphony (later known as a hurdy gurdy) was also found in churches. Two people were required to play this stringed instrument--one to turn the crank and the other to play the keys.
Medieval drama grew out of the liturgy, beginning in about the eleventh century. Some of the topics were from the Old Testament (Noah and the flood, Jonah and the whale, Daniel in the lion's den) and others were stories about the birth and death of Christ. These dramas were performed with costumes and musical instruments and at first took place directly outside the church. Later they were staged in marketplaces, where they were produced by local guilds.
The Middle Ages is inspired by programs from The Western Tradition.