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Interactives -- Historical and Cultural Contexts Image of a Newspaper Pick another Interactive:


Speed Round

Now that you are familiar with the different writing styles, it's time to test your detective skills.

As in the previous excercises, you will see three random documents, perhaps one of each primary source, one-at-a-time. However, for added fun and challenge, let's time it. You will have 3 minutes (180 seconds) to look at each document and identify on the map where it took place and what time period it was written. Then you will answer three multiple-choice questions about the document. Each story will have seven questions, for a total of 21 questions at the end of the Speed Round. Your final score will be totaled from all 21 questions.

Good luck...Ready?

[This source was given by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in the late 20th century.]

Those who are ignorant must be guided to a correct understanding. We must say to them: "You who imagine that something can be achieved in ____ by some means other than Islam, you who suppose that something other than Islam overthrew the Shah's regime, you who believe non-Islamic elements played a role--study the matter carefully. Look at the tombstones of those who gave their lives in the movement of Khurdad 15. If you can find a single tombstone belonging to one of the non-Islamic elements, it will mean they played a role. And if, among the tombstones of the Islamic elements, you can find a single tombstone belonging to someone from the upper echelons of society, it will mean that they too played a role. But you will not find a single tombstone belonging to either of those groups. All the tombstones belong to Muslims from the lower echelons of society: peasants, workers, tradesmen, committed religious scholars. Those who imagine that some force other than Islam could shatter the great barrier of tyranny are mistaken. As for those who oppose us because of their opposition to Islam, we must cure them by means of guidance, if it is at all possible; otherwise, we will destroy these agents of foreign powers with the same fist that destroyed the Shah's regime.

Your opponents, oppressed people, have never suffered. In the time of the taghut, [In Islamic context, Taghut refers to idolatry, considered impurity. This can be anything worshipped other than Allah, such as deities of other religions] they never suffered because either they were in agreement with the regime and loyal to it, or they kept silent. Now you have spread the banquet of freedom in front of them and they have sat down to eat. Xenomaniacs, people infatuated with the West, empty people, people with no content! Come to your senses; do not try to westernize everything you have! Look at the West, and see who the people are in the West that present themselves as champions of human rights and what their aims are. Is it human rights they really care about, or the rights of the superpowers? What they really want to secure are the rights of the superpowers. Our jurists should not follow or imitate them. You should implement human rights as the working classes of our society understand them. Yes, they are the real Society for the Defense of Human Rights. They are the ones who secure the well-being of humanity; they work while you talk; for they are Muslims, and Islam cares about humanity. You who have chosen a course other than Islam--you do nothing for humanity. All you do is write and speak in an effort to divert our movement from its course...

Three more days to go until the elections.

Last night around 8 PM I went to DOS meeting in the center of ________where Vojislav Kostunica was speaking to the mass of people. Around 200,000 people were on the streets last night. The meeting was different then any other I used to go. Not many people held speeches and only Kostunica spoke from all the politicians who were there they all stood behind him showing that their presence is enough and that there is no more need for words. ACT is important now. 24th of September is important.

Each vote is important every individual should grasp that. Must understand that it came to that point when all of us must go to the elections. To realize that that is our main power, VOTING!

In the same time, last night Slobodan Milosevic held his meeting in the other part of the city...that is why there were not policemans around us last night, at least I didn't notice any of them. Probably they all went to guard Milosevic. I wonder from whom they keep him safe when "All the patriots are with him and his party?"

It is raining for couple of days, pouring rain with open clouds and lots of thunder. I like rain. Rain means change, I wait for change for 10 years. My people want change. They can't stand no more this so called living...better to say survival. Survival in _______from 1990 until one. We all are winners, we managed to keep our mind cool and a safe place from all the things we saw, heard, experienced.

Usually lot of people are scared of change, they get used to the things they have and think of change as a great unsure risk, but I say that is LIFE! When you act when you start to think that there is something better, something normal, something more of this life that I can have. I need change. Kostunica said last night that we just want to become a normal _______country, to live ordinary, nothing exceptional, nothing in extreme, just normal, sometime usual (even boring) life, but a good one.

I want to live in a country in which 10 year olds will not mention any of the politicians in their ordinary conversation, not any foreign currency, not any news about people disappearing, media closing, etc.

I just want to be free in my country, just want to start living and try to realize why it took us 10 years to begun our biggest resistance against this government?

I felt power last night, I felt the need for better night, I saw many old people last night, many high school kids, young parents with babies and small children. They all will get up in the morning on Sunday, go to elections and circle under FREEDOM FUTURE LIFE. They will circle under new life. On one piace of white paper they will chose between isolation and new beginning.

It will be a great day, September 24th.

The situation is critical in the extreme. In fact it is now absolutely clear that to delay the uprising would be fatal.

With all my might I urge comrades to realize that everything now hangs by a thread; that we are confronted by problems which are not to be solved by conferences or congresses (even congresses of ______), but exclusively by peoples, by the masses, by the struggle of the armed people.

Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Lenin

The bourgeois onslaught of the Kornilovites show that we must not wait. We must at all costs, this very evening, this very night, arrest the government, having first disarmed the officer cadets, and so on.

We must not wait! We may lose everything!

Who must take power?

That is not important at present. Let the Revolutionary Military Committee do it, or "some other institution" which will declare that it will relinquish power only to the true representatives of the interests of the people, the interests of the army, the interests of the peasants, the interests of the starving.

All districts, all regiments, all forces must be mobilized at once and must immediately send their delegations to the Revolutionary Military Committee and to the Central Committee of the Bolsheviks with the insistent demand that under no circumstances should power be left in the hands of Kerensky and Co.... not under any circumstances; the matter must be decided without fail this very evening, or this very night.

History will not forgive revolutionaries for procrastinating when they could be victorious today (and they certainly will be victorious today), while they risk losing much tomorrow, in fact, the risk losing everything.

If we seize power today, we seize it not in opposition to the ______ but on their behalf. The seizure of power is the business of the uprising; its political purpose will become clear after the seizure....

...It would be an infinite crime on the part of the revolutionaries were they to let the chance slip, knowing that the salvation of the revolution, the offer of peace, the salvation of Petrograd, salvation from famine, the transfer of the land to the peasants depend upon them. The government is tottering. It must be given the death-blow at all costs.




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