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Interactives -- Historical and Cultural Contexts Image of a Newspaper Pick another Interactive:


Speed Round

Now that you are familiar with the different writing styles, it's time to test your detective skills.

As in the previous excercises, you will see three random documents, perhaps one of each primary source, one-at-a-time. However, for added fun and challenge, let's time it. You will have 3 minutes (180 seconds) to look at each document and identify on the map where it took place and what time period it was written. Then you will answer three multiple-choice questions about the document. Each story will have seven questions, for a total of 21 questions at the end of the Speed Round. Your final score will be totaled from all 21 questions.

Good luck...Ready?

Through wholesale atrocities and vandalism at ______ the Japanese Army has thrown away a rare opportunity to gain the respect and confidence of the ______ inhabitants and of foreign opinion there....

Emperor Hirohito of Japan

Emperor Hirohito of Japan,early 20th century

The killing of civilians was widespread. Foreigners who traveled widely through the city Wednesday found civilian dead on every street. Some of the victims were aged men, women and children. Policemen and firemen were special objects of attack. Many victims were bayoneted and some of the wounds were barbarously cruel.

Any person who ran because of fear or excitement was likely to be killed on the spot as was any one caught by roving patrols in streets or alleys after dark. Many slayings were witnessed by foreigners. The Japanese looting amounted almost to plundering of the entire city. Nearly every building was entered by Japanese soldiers, often under the eyes of their officers, and the men took whatever they wanted. The Japanese soldiers often impressed ______to carry their loot....

The mass executions of war prisoners added to the horrors the Japanese brought to _______. After killing the _______ soldiers who threw down their arms and surrendered, the Japanese combed the city for men in civilian garb who were suspected of being former soldiers.

In one building in the refugee zone 400 men were seized. They were marched off, tied in batches of fifty, between lines of riflemen and machine gunners, to the execution ground.

Just before boarding the ship for ______ the writer watched the execution of 200 men on the Bund [dike]. The killings took ten minutes. The men were lined against a wall and shot. Then a number of Japanese, armed with pistols, trod nonchalantly around the crumpled bodies, pumping bullets into any that were still kicking.

The army men performing the gruesome job had invited navy men from the warships anchored off the Bund to view the scene. A large group of military spectators apparently greatly enjoyed the spectacle. When the first column of Japanese troops marched from the South Gate up Chungshan Road toward the city's Big Circle, small knots of ________ civilians broke into scattering cheers, so great was their relief that the siege was over and so high were their hopes that the Japanese would restore peace and order. There are no cheers in ______now for the Japanese.

[An Excerpt from the Journal of Thomas S. Woodcock in the early 19th century]

". . . These Boats have three Horses, go at a quicker rate, and have the preference in going through the locks, carry no freight, are built extremely light, and have quite Genteel Men for their Captains, and use silver plate. The distance between Schenectady and Utica is 80 Miles, the passage is $3.50, which includes board. There are other Boats called Line Boats that carry at a cheaper rate, being found for 2/3 of the price mentioned. They are larger Boats, carry freight, have only two horses, and consequently do not go as quickly, and moreover have not so select a company. Some boats go as low as 1 cent per Mile, the passengers finding themselves.

The Bridges on the Canal are very low, particularly the old ones. Indeed they are so low as to scarcely allow the baggage to clear, and in some cases actually rubbing against it. Every Bridge makes us bend double if seated on anything, and in many cases you have to lie on your back. The Man at the helm gives the word to the passengers: "Bridge," "very low Bridge," "the lowest in the Canal," as the case may be. Some serious accidents have happened for want of caution. A young English Woman met with her death a short time since, she having fallen asleep with her head upon a box, had her head crushed to pieces. Such things however do not often occur, and in general it affords amusement to the passengers who soon imitate the cry, and vary it with a command, such as "All Jackson men bow down." After such commands we find few aristocrats."

Three more days to go until the elections.

Last night around 8 PM I went to DOS meeting in the center of ________where Vojislav Kostunica was speaking to the mass of people. Around 200,000 people were on the streets last night. The meeting was different then any other I used to go. Not many people held speeches and only Kostunica spoke from all the politicians who were there they all stood behind him showing that their presence is enough and that there is no more need for words. ACT is important now. 24th of September is important.

Each vote is important every individual should grasp that. Must understand that it came to that point when all of us must go to the elections. To realize that that is our main power, VOTING!

In the same time, last night Slobodan Milosevic held his meeting in the other part of the city...that is why there were not policemans around us last night, at least I didn't notice any of them. Probably they all went to guard Milosevic. I wonder from whom they keep him safe when "All the patriots are with him and his party?"

It is raining for couple of days, pouring rain with open clouds and lots of thunder. I like rain. Rain means change, I wait for change for 10 years. My people want change. They can't stand no more this so called living...better to say survival. Survival in _______from 1990 until one. We all are winners, we managed to keep our mind cool and a safe place from all the things we saw, heard, experienced.

Usually lot of people are scared of change, they get used to the things they have and think of change as a great unsure risk, but I say that is LIFE! When you act when you start to think that there is something better, something normal, something more of this life that I can have. I need change. Kostunica said last night that we just want to become a normal _______country, to live ordinary, nothing exceptional, nothing in extreme, just normal, sometime usual (even boring) life, but a good one.

I want to live in a country in which 10 year olds will not mention any of the politicians in their ordinary conversation, not any foreign currency, not any news about people disappearing, media closing, etc.

I just want to be free in my country, just want to start living and try to realize why it took us 10 years to begun our biggest resistance against this government?

I felt power last night, I felt the need for better night, I saw many old people last night, many high school kids, young parents with babies and small children. They all will get up in the morning on Sunday, go to elections and circle under FREEDOM FUTURE LIFE. They will circle under new life. On one piace of white paper they will chose between isolation and new beginning.

It will be a great day, September 24th.




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