You need a map of half the world to chart Candide's journeys. Voltaire sent his hero to every trouble spot on the map in the 18th century, and even to an imaginary haven―El Dorado. Since this kingdom is imaginary, we have followed Voltaire's lead and placed it somewhere in South America, with no further information. Voltaire wanted to expose hypocrisy and ignorance both at home, in Europe, and abroad, in Europe's colonies. Candide ends up finding happiness in Ottoman Turkey―an ironic joke at Europe's expense.
Mid-late 1500s — The first Jesuits enter Latin America.
|1689-97||King William's War, the first of three battles between France and England is fought in Canada and New England for control of North America; France wins.
|1694||Voltaire is born in Paris, France to a wealthy lawyer and the daughter of a member of Parliament; his given name is François-Marie Arouet.
|1702-13||Queen Anne's War takes place, the second battle between France and England for control of North America; mixed results.
|1713||Disgraced for trying to elope with a French refugee in the Netherlands, Voltaire is disinherited and threatened with banishment to the Americas by his father.
|1734||Philosophical Letters on the English, in which he states that Britain is more politically fair and upholding of human rights than France; the ensuing outrage forces him out of the country again.
|1759||Candide is published.
|1778||Irene. He is received as a hero. He dies on May 30.
Because of his rejection of the Catholic church, Voltaire's friends hurriedly have him buried far from Paris before the church can announce that he is not to be given a Christian burial.