UNIT 15: Early Global Commodities
- William Atwell, "International Bullion Flows and the Chinese Economy circa 1530-1650," Past and Present 95 (1982): 68-90.
- Hang-Sheng Chuan, "The Inflow of American Silver into China from the Late Ming to the Mid-Ch'ing Period," The Journal of the Institute of Chinese Studies of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, vol. 2 (1969): 61-75.
- Harry E. Cross, "South American Bullion Production and Export, 1550-1750," in Precious Metals in the Later Medieval and Early Modern Worlds, ed. J. F. Richards (Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1983): 397-424.
- Dennis O. Flynn and Arturo Giráldez, "Cycles of Silver: Global Economic Unity through the Mid-Eighteenth Century," Journal of World History, vol. 13, no. 2 (2002): 391-427.
- Dennis O. Flynn and Arturo Giráldez, "Born with a 'Silver Spoon': The Origin of World Trade in 1571," Journal of World History, vol. 6, no. 2 (1995): 201-21.
- Richard L. Garner, "Long-Term Silver Mining Trends in Spanish America: A Comparative Analysis of Peru and Mexico," The American Historical Review, vol. 93, no. 4 (1988): 898-935.
- Marion Johnson, "The Cowrie Currencies of West Africa." Journal of African History, vol. XI, no. 1 and 3 (1977): 17-48 and 331-53. Reprinted in Metals and Monies in an Emerging Global Economy, ed. D. O. Flynn and A. Giráldez (Aldershot, UK: Variorum, 1997).
FEATURED SOURCE MATERIAL
- Rodrigo De Loaisa, Spanish traveler
- Pedro De Baeza, Spanish merchant
- He Qiaoyuan, Chinese official