Here are some examples:
What types of groups are you going to make?
How are these buttons the same?
How are the buttons in this group different from the buttons in that group?
How can you record your button group on the graph paper?
Can you tell me how you decided to group the buttons on your paper?
Can you show me how you did it?
Why did you put them in an L shape?
Where will you fill in the square for the next group?
Are there buttons that don't fit in your group? Why?
Could there be more than one way to describe the buttons in a group?
It's also important to ask follow-up or clarifying questions. If you ask, "What types of groups are you making?" and the students respond, "Little ones and big ones and short ones," you could ask, "Let me see –– which are big? Which are little? Which are short?"