Reading: Big Ideas
Comprehension is the goal of all reading and learning. Instruction in how to comprehend a text must continue in the middle and high school grades to meet the increasingly complex texts and learning demands of each discipline. Duke, et al. (2011) have proposed 10 essential practices for teaching reading comprehension. It is important that all teachers realize the role that texts play in their disciplines, and teachers’ critical roles in connecting students to the text-based information of their discipline. Facilitating and promoting text-based comprehension involves:
- Building disciplinary and world knowledge
- Providing exposure to a volume and range of texts
- Providing motivating texts and contexts for reading
- Teaching strategies for comprehending
- Teaching text structures
- Encouraging students in discussion
- Building vocabulary and language knowledge
- Integrating reading and writing
- Observing and assessing
- Differentiating instruction
(Duke, Pearson, Strachan, & Billman, 2011).
Reflect: Which of these practices do you routinely address in your instruction? Which practices are most helpful to your students in understanding key concepts and ideas?