Neuroscience and the Classroom: Making Connections
Unit 4: Different Learners, Different Minds
- affective neuroscience
- A term used to describe the field of neuroscience investigating questions related to affect, including emotions and goals. Affective neuroscience questions are interrelated with questions in cognitive neuroscience; these fields are considered to overlap significantly.
- attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- A diagnostic category describing a developmental disability that primarily impacts attention capacities with secondary difficulties most often observed in behavior and learning environments. Clinicians rely on criteria for reaching a diagnosis of ADHD using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), most typically.
- autism spectrum disorders
- A diagnostic category describing a developmental disability that primarily impacts socioemotional functioning. Clinicians rely on criteria described by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), most typically, in three categories: social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors or interests.
- A term describing a learning disability that is defined by difficulty with single word reading, often impacting negatively text comprehension. Other secondary associations include difficulties with processing sounds of language accurately or automatically and socioemotional challenges.
- executive function (also referred to as executive capacities)
- A term describing cognitive resources available or abilities for planning, organizing, carrying out, and evaluating goal-directed behavior.
- neuronal resources
- A term used to describe brain systems recruited for a particular task.
- visual cortex
- An alternate term for the occipital lobe, located in the back of the brain, that is primarily responsible for processing of visual information.