Slavery in America was anything but a stagnant institution. It spread in certain areas while disappearing or constricting in others. No issue was more volatile than the literal place of slavery in the nation. On the eve of the Civil War, there were 19 free states and 15 slave states. By June 1861, eleven of those slave states would come together to constitute the Confederacy.
1. What explains the flow of slaves toward the deeper south and the west and away from the mid-Atlantic?
2. What events contributed to the belief that each region was conspiring to impose its will on the other?